Inception date of lease: The earlier of lease agreement and the date of commitment by the parties.The type of lease is identified at the date of inception. Lessor accounting for a finance lease under GASB 87. Now let’s understand these steps and accounting entries with an example. Financial reporting standards expert Steve Collings works through an example of a finance lease and how the interest is recognised under FRS 102 using the effective interest method. In accounting, for a capital lease, the lessee records the leased asset as if he or she purchased the leased asset using funding provided by the lessor. The accounting for capital lease is done considering the property to be owned by the lessee and recording such property as a fixed asset in the books of accounts of the lessee, charging depreciation on the same and the lease payments are charged to P&L after dividing the amount as principal and interest. The example below provides journal entries for a lessor’s accounting for a lease arrangement under GASB 87 on the effective date of the agreement, the first month, and subsequent months. Nonetheless, financial statement preparers for organizations in complicated leasing arrangements may have difficulty applying these provisions. Interest rate implicit in lease: That makes present value of lease payment and UN-guaranteed value equal to fair value and ( any ) initial direct costs of lessor. Under this arrangement, the lessor recognizes the gross investment in the lease and the related amount of unearned income.The gross investment in the lease is calculated as: Moreover, the lease liability account will become zero at the end of the lease term. Under FRS 102 The Financial Reporting Standard applicable in the UK and Republic of Ireland , leasing transactions are dealt with in Section 20 Leases . Let's begin with an example. The following information is relevant for this lease: annual lease payments of $20,000 are made at the end of each year To master this topic, ensure that you know the definitions of both types of lease, the recognition criteria for a finance lease and practise plenty of examples of accounting for finance leases. Assume the following terms of the lease: ... As a reminder, the accounting for a finance lease is similar to that of an amortizing loan. A finance lease is a lease which transfers substantially all the risks and rewards inherent in the leased asset to the lessee under the lease arrangement. A capital lease, referred to as a finance lease under ASC 842 and IFRS 16, is a lease that has the characteristics of an owned asset. A direct financing lease is a financing arrangement in which the lessor acquires assets and leases them to its customers, with the intent of generating revenue from the resulting interest payments. In summary, the accounting topic of leases is a really important accounting area and is highly examinable. And the asset will mostly stand in the balance sheet either fully depreciated or with a nominal depreciated value. On 1 January 20X1 Entity A (a lessor) enters into a 5 year equipment lease contract with Entity X (a lessee). As a result, a company will record interest expense and amortization of principal over the term of the lease. Key IAS 17 Leases Definition. Example: Accounting for a finance lease by a lessor. Assume the following: Company A leases machinery from Company B on Jan. 1, Year 1; The lease period is for 15 years In this example, the lessee leases a piece of machinery, and the lease is classified as a finance lease. In a finance lease, the lessor derecognizes the underlying asset and recognizes a receivable equal to the net investment in lease. Capital Lease Accounting Example Suppose a business enters into a capital lease agreement for an asset worth 12,000 and agrees to pay a deposit of 1,500, leaving a balance of 10,500 to be financed by a capital lease with an implicit annual interest rate of 7% requiring a further four annual rental payments of 3,100. Examples of Accounting for Finance Leases by a Lessee. Example – Capital Lease Accounting