Scholars witnessed a 'bulldozer revolution' in Serbia in 2000, a 'rose revolution' in Georgia in 2003, an 'orange revolution' in Ukraine in December 2004 and then a 'tulip' revolution in Kyrgyzstan in early 2005. After a long and bitter campaign, the remaining two candidates were Viktor Yanukovych and Viktor Yushchenko. Scandal-ridden President Leonid Kuchma endorsed the candidacy of his Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych, who was also strongly supported by Russian President Vladimir Putin. The term Color Revolution refers to what has now become the standard technique for promoting regime change in targeted nations. The success of the Ukrainian Orange Revolution, that led to a re‐run of a fraudulent presidential election, is related to a unique coincidence of factors that prevented a violent oppression of the demonstrations. Yellow-clad mass demonstrations eventually ousted the President. Ukraine 's "Orange Revolution" of 2004-2005 was a series of protests and political events that took place throughout the country in response to allegations of massive corruption, voter intimidation and direct electoral fraud during the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election.. In 2001, a significant anti-Kuchma movement had flourished in Ukraine, prompted in … Orange Revolution. The Orange Revolution began in response to Ukraine’s 2004 presidential elections. The Orange Revolution was the successful democratic political upheaval of 2004 in Ukraine. These are revolutionary movements or insurrection attempts to overthrow an existing geo-political power or dictator that often adopt a specific color as their symbol, such as in Ukraine's Orange Revolution (2004) and Kuwait's Blue Revolution (2005). The Glorious Revolution of 1688 overthrew English Catholic king James II, who was replaced by his Protestant daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange. The dramatic series of protests and political events that unfolded in Ukraine in the fall of 2004 the &Orange Revolution& were seminal both for … The 1986 revolution in the Philippines, also called the People Power Revolution, was the first successful non-violent uprising in the contemporary period. Such movements have had a measure of success as for example in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia's Bulldozer Revolution (2000), in Georgia's Rose Revolution (2003) and in Ukraine's Orange Revolution (2004). Tim Weiner Best Price: $2.13 Buy New $8.95 (as of 06:40 EST - Details) That CIA-sponsored coup d’etat was so successful that it has since been used as a model for every other CIA-manufactured scheme that has toppled governments and reversed fair election outcomes the world over. However, neither was unable to surpass the 50 percent support threshold required for a win in the first round of the Ukrainian presidential elections. A final factor in the orange revolution's success was its experienced leadership. The presidential election of 2004 brought Ukraine to the brink of civil war.